Buckwheat Family

Common Persicaria, Pink Knotweed, or Jointweed; Smartweed Polygonum pennsylvanicum Flowers—Very small, pink, collected in terminal, dense, narrow obtuse spikes, 1 to 2 in. long. Calyx pink or greenish, 5-parted, like petals; no corolla; stamens 8 or less; style 2-parted. Stem: 1 to 3 ft. high, simple or branched; often partly red, the joints swollen and […]

Orchids Family

Large Yellow Lady’s Slipper; Whippoorwill’s Shoe; Yellow Moccasin Flower Cypripedium pubescens (C. hirsutum) Flower—Solitary, large, showy, borne at the top of a leafy stem 1 to 2 ft. high. Sepals 3, 2 of them united, greenish or yellowish, striped with purple or dull red, very long, narrow; 2 petals, brown, narrower, twisting; the third an […]

Iris Family

Larger BIue Flag; Blue Iris; Fleur-de-lis; Flower-de-luce Iris versicolor Flowers—Several, 2 to 3 in. long, violet-blue variegated with yellow, green, or white, and purple veined. Six divisions of the perianth: 3 outer ones spreading, re-curved; 1 of them bearded, much longer and wider than the 3 erect inner divisions; all united into a short tube. […]

Amaryllis Family

Yellow Star-grass Hypoxis hirsuta (H. erecta) Flowers—Bright yellow within, greenish and hairy out-side, about 1 in. across, 6-parted; the perianth divisions spreading, narrowly oblong; a few flowers at the summit of a rough, hairy scape 2 to 6 in. high. Leaves: All from an egg-shaped corm; mostly longer than stapes, slender, grass-like, more or less […]

Composite Family

Iron-weed; Flat Top Vernonia noveboracensis Flower-head—Composite of tubular florets only, intense reddish-purple thistle-like heads, borne on short, branched peduncles and forming broad, flat clusters; bracts of involucre, brownish purple, tipped with awl-shaped bristles. Stem: 3 to 9 ft. high, rough or hairy, branched. Leaves: Alternate, narrowly oblong or lanceolate, saw-edged, 3 to 10 in. long, […]

The Lobelia Family Of Flowers

Cardinal Flower; Red Lobelia Lobelia cardinalis Flowers—Rich vermilion, very rarely rose or white, I to 1 1/2 in. long, numerous, growing in terminal, erect, green-bracted, more or less 1-sided racemes. Calyx 5-cleft; corolla tubular, split down one. side, 2-lipped; the lower lip with 3 spreading lobes, the upper lip 2-lobed, erect; 5 stamens united into […]

Bluebell Family

Harebell or Hairbell; Blue Bells of Scotland; Lady’s Thimble Campanula rolundifolia Flowers—Bright blue or violet-blue, bell-shaped, 1 in. long, or over, drooping from hair-like stalks. Calyx of 5-pointed, narrow, spreading lobes; 5 slender stamens alternate with lobes of corolla, and borne on summit of calyx tube, which is adherent to ovary; 1 pistil with 3 […]

Madder Family

Partridge Vine, Twin-berry; Mitchella Vine; Squawberry Mitchella repens Flowers—Waxy, white (pink in bud), fragrant, growing in pairs at ends of the branches. Calyx usually 4-lobed; corolla funnel form, about 1/2 in. long, the 4 spreading lobes bearded within; 4 stamens inserted on corolla throat; 1 style with 4 stigmas; the ovaries of the twin flowers […]

Broom-Rape Family

Beech-drops Epifagus virginiana Flowers—Small, dull purple and white, tawny, or brownish striped; scattered along loose, tiny bracted, ascending branches. Stem: Brownish or reddish tinged, slender. tough, branching above, 6 in. to 2 ft. tall, from brittle, fibrous roots. Preferred Habitat—Under beech, oak, and chestnut trees. Flowering Season—August—October. Distribution—New Brunswick, westward to Ontario and Missouri, south […]

Lily Family

American White Hellebore; Indian Poke; Itch-weed Veratrum viride Flowers—Dingy, pale yellowish or whitish green, growing greener with age, 1 in. or less across, very numerous, in stiff-branching, spike-like, dense-flowered panicles. Perianth of 6 oblong segments; 6 short curved stamens; 3 styles. Stem: Stout, leafy, 2 to 8 ft. tall. Leaves: Plaited, lower ones broadly oval, […]