Beech Drops

(Septamnium Virginianum) Broom-rape family (Epifegus Virginiana of Gray) Flowers—Small, dull purple and white, tawny, or brownish striped; scattered along loose, tiny bracted, ascending branches. Stem: Brownish or reddish tinged, slender, tough, branching above, 6 in. to 2 ft. tall, from brittle, fibrous roots. Preferred Habitat—Under beech, oak, and chestnut trees. Flowering Season—August—October. Distribution—New Brunswick, westward […]

Coral or Trumpet Honeysuckle

(Lonicera sempervirens) Honeysuckle family Flowers—Red outside, orange yellow within ; whorled round terminal spikes. Calyx insignificant ; corolla tubular, slender, 1 1/2 in. long or less, slightly spread below the 5-lobed limb ; 5 stamens ; 1 pistil. Stem: A high, twining vine. Leaves : Evergreen in the South only ; opposite, rounded oval, dark, […]

Black-eyed Susan, Purple Cone

Purple Cone-flower ( Originally Published 1916 )Black-eyed Susan; Yellow or Ox-eye Daisy; Golden Jerusalem; Purple Cone-flower (Rudbechia hirta) Thistle family Flower-heads—From 10 to 20 orange-yellow neutral rays around a conical, dark purplish-brown disk of florets containing both stamens and pistil. Stem: 1 to 3 ft. tall, hairy, rough, usually unbranched, often tufted. Leaves : Oblong […]


Horseheal; Yellow Starwort(lnula Helenium) Thistle family Flower-heads—Large, yellow, solitary or a few, 2 to 4 in. across, on long, stout peduncles; the scaly green involucre nearly 1 in. high, holding disk florets surrounded by a fringe of long, very narrow, 3-toothed ray florets. Stem: Usually unbranched, 2 to 6 ft. high, hairy above. Leaves: Alternate, […]

Fire Pink, Virginia Catchfly

(Silene Virginica) Pink family Flowers—Scarlet or crimson, 1 1/2 in. broad or less, a few on slender pedicels from the upper leaf-axils. Calyx sticky, tubular, bell-shaped, 5-cleft, enlarged in fruit ; corolla of 5 wide-spread, narrow, notched petals, sometimes – deeply 2-cleft ; to stamens ; 3 styles. Stem : 1 to 2 ft. high […]

Bur-marigold, Brook Sunflower

(Bidens laevis) Thistle family (B. chrysanthemoides of Gray) Flower-heads—Showy golden yellow, 1 to 2 1/2 in. across, numerous, on short peduncles ; 8 to to neutral rays around a dingy yellowish or brown disk f tubular, perfect, fertile florets. Stem : 1 to 2 ft. high. Leaves : Opposite, sessile, lance-shaped, regularly saw-toothed. Preferred Habitat—Wet […]

Adam and Eve, Putty-root

(Aplectrum spicatum) Orchid family (A. hyemale of Gray) Flowers—Dingy yellowish brown and purplish, about 1 in. long, each on a short pedicel, in a few-flowered, loose, bracted raceme 2 to 4 in. long. No spur ; sepals and petals similar, small and narrow, the lip wavy-edged. Scape : 1 to 2 ft. high, smooth, with […]

Dutchman’s Pipe, Pipe-vine

(Aristolochia macrophylla) (A. Sipho of Gray) Flower—An inflated, curved, yellowish-green, veiny tube (calyx), pipe-shaped, except that it abruptly broadens beyond the contracted throat into 3 flat, spreading, dark purplish or reddish-brown lobes; pipe 1 to 1 1/2 in. long, borne on a long, drooping peduncle, either solitary or 2 or 3 together, from the bracted […]

Field Sow-Thistle, Milk Thistle

(Sonchus arvensis) Chicory family Flower-heads—Bright yellow, very showy, 1 to 2 in. across, several or numerous, on rough peduncles in a spreading cluster. Involucre nearly 1 in. high; the scales narrow, rough. Stem: 2 to 4 ft. high, leafy below, naked, and paniculately branched above, from deep roots and creeping root-stocks. Leaves: Long, narrow, spiny, […]

Cup Plant

Indian-cup; Ragged Cup; Rosin-plant (Silphium perfoliatum) Thistle family Flower-heads—Yellow, nearly flat, 2 to 3 in. across ; 20 to 30 narrow, pistillate ray florets, about 1 in. long, overlapping in a or 3 series around the perfect but sterile disk florets. Stem : 4 to 8 ft. tall, square, smooth, usually branched above. Leaves: Opposite, […]