Beech-drops – Flowers

(Septamnium Virginianum) Broom-rape family (Epifegus Virginiana of Gray) Flowers—Small, dull purple and white, tawny, or brownish striped; scattered along loose, tiny bracted, ascending branches. Stem: Brownish or reddish tinged, slender, tough, branching above, 6 in. to 2 ft. tall, from brittle, fibrous roots. Preferred Habitat—Under beech, oak, and chestnut trees. Flowering Season—August—October. Distribution—New Brunswick, westward […]

Coral or Trumpet Honeysuckle – Flowers

(Lonicera sempervirens) Honeysuckle family Flowers—Red outside, orange yellow within ; whorled round terminal spikes. Calyx insignificant ; corolla tubular, slender, 1 1/2 in. long or less, slightly spread below the 5-lobed limb ; 5 stamens ; 1 pistil. Stem: A high, twining vine. Leaves : Evergreen in the South only ; opposite, rounded oval, dark, […]

Bur-marigold, Brook Sunflower – Flowers

(Bidens laevis) Thistle family (B. chrysanthemoides of Gray) Flower-heads—Showy golden yellow, 1 to 2 1/2 in. across, numerous, on short peduncles ; 8 to to neutral rays around a dingy yellowish or brown disk f tubular, perfect, fertile florets. Stem : 1 to 2 ft. high. Leaves : Opposite, sessile, lance-shaped, regularly saw-toothed. Preferred Habitat—Wet […]

Adam and Eve, Putty-root – Flowers

(Aplectrum spicatum) Orchid family (A. hyemale of Gray) Flowers—Dingy yellowish brown and purplish, about 1 in. long, each on a short pedicel, in a few-flowered, loose, bracted raceme 2 to 4 in. long. No spur ; sepals and petals similar, small and narrow, the lip wavy-edged. Scape : 1 to 2 ft. high, smooth, with […]

Dutchman’s Pipe, Pipe-vine – Flowers

(Aristolochia macrophylla) (A. Sipho of Gray) Flower—An inflated, curved, yellowish-green, veiny tube (calyx), pipe-shaped, except that it abruptly broadens beyond the contracted throat into 3 flat, spreading, dark purplish or reddish-brown lobes; pipe 1 to 1 1/2 in. long, borne on a long, drooping peduncle, either solitary or 2 or 3 together, from the bracted […]

Cup-plant – Flowers

Indian-cup; Ragged Cup; Rosin-plant (Silphium perfoliatum) Thistle family Flower-heads—Yellow, nearly flat, 2 to 3 in. across ; 20 to 30 narrow, pistillate ray florets, about 1 in. long, overlapping in a or 3 series around the perfect but sterile disk florets. Stem : 4 to 8 ft. tall, square, smooth, usually branched above. Leaves: Opposite, […]

Field Sow-thistle, Milk Thistle – Flowers

(Sonchus arvensis) Chicory family Flower-heads—Bright yellow, very showy, 1 to 2 in. across, several or numerous, on rough peduncles in a spreading cluster. Involucre nearly 1 in. high; the scales narrow, rough. Stem: 2 to 4 ft. high, leafy below, naked, and paniculately branched above, from deep roots and creeping root-stocks. Leaves: Long, narrow, spiny, […]

Bush Honeysuckle – Flowers

Gravel-weed (Diervilla Diervilla) Honeysuckle family (D. trifida of Gray) Flowers—Yellow, small, fragrant, 1 to 5 (usually 3) together on a peduncle from upper leaf-axils. Calyx tube slender, elongated ; corolla narrowly funnel-form, about / in. long, its 5 lobes spreading, 3 of them somewhat united ; 5 stamens ; 1 pistil projecting. Stem: A smooth, […]

Common Dandelion – Flowers

Blowball ; Lion’s-tooth ; Peasant’s Clock (Taraxacum Taraxacum) Chicory family (T. Dens-leonis of Gray) Flower-head—Solitary, golden yellow, 1 to 2 in. across, containing 150 to 200 perfect ray florets on a flat receptacle at the top of a hollow, milky scape 2 to 18 in. tall. Leaves: From a very deep, thick, bitter root ; […]

False Sunflower, Ox-eye – Flowers

(Heliopsis helianthoides) Thistle family (H. laevis of Gray) Flower-heads–Entirely golden yellow, daisy-like, 1 1/2 to in. across, the perfect disk florets inserted on a convex, chaffy receptacle, and surrounded by pistillate, fertile, 3-toothed ray florets ; usually numerous solitary heads borne on long peduncles from axils of upper leaves. Stem: 3 to 5 ft. tall, […]