Coral or Trumpet Honeysuckle

(Lonicera sempervirens) Honeysuckle family Flowers—Red outside, orange yellow within ; whorled round terminal spikes. Calyx insignificant ; corolla tubular, slender, 1 1/2 in. long or less, slightly spread below the 5-lobed limb ; 5 stamens ; 1 pistil. Stem: A high, twining vine. Leaves : Evergreen in the South only ; opposite, rounded oval, dark, […]

Beech Drops

(Septamnium Virginianum) Broom-rape family (Epifegus Virginiana of Gray) Flowers—Small, dull purple and white, tawny, or brownish striped; scattered along loose, tiny bracted, ascending branches. Stem: Brownish or reddish tinged, slender, tough, branching above, 6 in. to 2 ft. tall, from brittle, fibrous roots. Preferred Habitat—Under beech, oak, and chestnut trees. Flowering Season—August—October. Distribution—New Brunswick, westward […]

Field Sow-Thistle, Milk Thistle

(Sonchus arvensis) Chicory family Flower-heads—Bright yellow, very showy, 1 to 2 in. across, several or numerous, on rough peduncles in a spreading cluster. Involucre nearly 1 in. high; the scales narrow, rough. Stem: 2 to 4 ft. high, leafy below, naked, and paniculately branched above, from deep roots and creeping root-stocks. Leaves: Long, narrow, spiny, […]

Cup Plant

Indian-cup; Ragged Cup; Rosin-plant (Silphium perfoliatum) Thistle family Flower-heads—Yellow, nearly flat, 2 to 3 in. across ; 20 to 30 narrow, pistillate ray florets, about 1 in. long, overlapping in a or 3 series around the perfect but sterile disk florets. Stem : 4 to 8 ft. tall, square, smooth, usually branched above. Leaves: Opposite, […]

Bush Honeysuckle

Gravel-weed (Diervilla Diervilla) Honeysuckle family (D. trifida of Gray) Flowers—Yellow, small, fragrant, 1 to 5 (usually 3) together on a peduncle from upper leaf-axils. Calyx tube slender, elongated ; corolla narrowly funnel-form, about / in. long, its 5 lobes spreading, 3 of them somewhat united ; 5 stamens ; 1 pistil projecting. Stem: A smooth, […]

Common Dandelion

Blowball ; Lion’s-tooth ; Peasant’s Clock (Taraxacum Taraxacum) Chicory family (T. Dens-leonis of Gray) Flower-head—Solitary, golden yellow, 1 to 2 in. across, containing 150 to 200 perfect ray florets on a flat receptacle at the top of a hollow, milky scape 2 to 18 in. tall. Leaves: From a very deep, thick, bitter root ; […]

False Sunflower, Ox Eye

(Heliopsis helianthoides) Thistle family (H. laevis of Gray) Flower-heads–Entirely golden yellow, daisy-like, 1 1/2 to in. across, the perfect disk florets inserted on a convex, chaffy receptacle, and surrounded by pistillate, fertile, 3-toothed ray florets ; usually numerous solitary heads borne on long peduncles from axils of upper leaves. Stem: 3 to 5 ft. tall, […]

Black-eyed Susan, Purple Cone

Purple Cone-flower ( Originally Published 1916 )Black-eyed Susan; Yellow or Ox-eye Daisy; Golden Jerusalem; Purple Cone-flower (Rudbechia hirta) Thistle family Flower-heads—From 10 to 20 orange-yellow neutral rays around a conical, dark purplish-brown disk of florets containing both stamens and pistil. Stem: 1 to 3 ft. tall, hairy, rough, usually unbranched, often tufted. Leaves : Oblong […]


Horseheal; Yellow Starwort(lnula Helenium) Thistle family Flower-heads—Large, yellow, solitary or a few, 2 to 4 in. across, on long, stout peduncles; the scaly green involucre nearly 1 in. high, holding disk florets surrounded by a fringe of long, very narrow, 3-toothed ray florets. Stem: Usually unbranched, 2 to 6 ft. high, hairy above. Leaves: Alternate, […]

Fire Pink, Virginia Catchfly

(Silene Virginica) Pink family Flowers—Scarlet or crimson, 1 1/2 in. broad or less, a few on slender pedicels from the upper leaf-axils. Calyx sticky, tubular, bell-shaped, 5-cleft, enlarged in fruit ; corolla of 5 wide-spread, narrow, notched petals, sometimes – deeply 2-cleft ; to stamens ; 3 styles. Stem : 1 to 2 ft. high […]