Wild Columbine

(Aquilegia Canadensis) Crowfoot family Flower—Red outside, yellow within, irregular, 1 to 2 in. long, solitary, nodding from a curved footstalk from the upper leaf-axils. Petals 5, funnel-shaped, but quickly narrowing into long, erect, very slender hollow spurs, rounded at the tip and united below by the 5 spreading red sepals, between which the straight spurs […]

Wood Betony

Lousewort; Beefsteak Plant; High Heal-all (Pedicularis Canadensis) Figwort family Flowers—Greenish yellow and purplish red, in a short dense spike. Calyx oblique, tubular, cleft on lower side, and with 2 or 3 scallops on upper ; corolla about 3/4 in. long, 2-lipped, the upper lip arched, concave, the lower 3-lobed ; 4 stamens in pairs; 1 […]

Trumpet Flower, Trumpet Creeper

Trumpet-creeper (Tecoma radicans) Trumpet-creeper family Flowers—Red and veined within, paler and inclined toward tawny without, trumpet-shaped, about 2% in. long, the limb with 5 rounded lobes ; 2 to 9 flowers in the terminal clusters ; anther-bearing stamens 4, in pairs, under upper part of tube ; 1 pistil. Stem : A woody vine 20 […]

Tansy, Bitter-Buttons

(Tanacetum vulgar?) Thistle family Flower-heads—Small, round, of tubular florets only, packed within a depressed involucre, and borne in flat-topped corymbs. Stem: 1 1/2 to 3 ft. tall, leafy. Leaves : Deeply and pinnately cleft into narrow, toothed divisions; strong scented. Preferred Habitat—Roadsides ; commonly escaped from gardens. Flowering Season—July—September. Distribution—Nova Scotia, westward to Minnesota, south […]

Tall or Wild Lettuce, Wild Opium

(Lactuca Canadensis) Chicory family Flower-heads—Numerous, small, about 1/4 in. across, involucre cylindric, rays pale yellow ; followed by abundant, soft, bright white pappus ; the heads growing in loose, branching, terminal clusters. Stem : Smooth, 3 to to ft. high, leafy up to the flower panicle ;juice milky. Leaves: Upper ones lance shaped ; lower […]

Wild Ginger

Canada Snakeroot; Asarabacca (Asarum Canadense) Birthwort family Flower—Solitary, dull purplish brown, creamy white within, about 1 in. broad when expanded, borne on a short peduncle close to or, upon the ground. Calyx cup-shaped, deeply cleft, its 3 acutely pointed lobes spreading, curved corolla wanting ; 12 short, stout stamens inserted on ovary ; the thick […]

Tall or Giant Sunflower

(Helianthus giganteus) Thistle family Flower-heads—Several, on long, rough-hairy peduncles; 1 1/2 to 2 1/4 in. broad; 10 to 20 pale yellow neutral rays around a yellowish disk whose florets are perfect, fertile. Stem: 3 to 12 ft. tall, bristly-hairy, usually branching above, often reddish; from a perennial, fleshy root. Leaves : Rough, firm, lance-shaped, saw-toothed, […]

Wild Indigo, Yellow or Indigo Broom

(Baptisia tinctoria) Pea family Flowers—Bright yellow, papilionaceous, about 1/2 in. long, on short pedicels, in numerous but few flowered terminal racemes. Calyx light green, 4 or 5-toothed ; corolla of 5 oblong petals, the standard erect, the keel enclosing 10 incurved stamens and 1 pistil. Stem: Smooth, branched, 2 to 4 ft. high. Leaves: Compounded […]

Yellow or Hop Clover

(Trifolium agrarium) Pea family Flowers—Yellow, scale-like, overlapping in a densely many-flowered oblong head about .1/2 in. long, becoming brown with age. Stem: Ascending, branched, 6 to 18 in. high. Leaves: 3-foliate, very finely toothed. Preferred Habitat—Waste places, fields, roadsides. Flowering Season—May—September. Distribution—Virginia to Iowa, and far northward. What did the sulphur butterflies provide as food […]

Wild or Slender Yellow Flax

(Linum Virginianum) Flax family Flowers—Yellow, about in. across, each from a leaf axil, scattered along the slender branches. Sepals, 5 ; 5 petals, 5 stamens. Stem : 1 to 2 ft. high, branching, leafy. Leaves : Alternate, seated on the stem; small, oblong, or lance-shaped, 1 nerved. Preferred Habitat—Dry woodlands and borders ; shady places. […]